Adverbs in which we often make mistakes
Those who wrote the Total Dictation in 2015 will surely remember how much controversy the word VPOLUHA caused. According to statistics from the organizers of the dictation, 71% of the participants wrote this adverb with errors. Adverbs are generally insidious because their spelling is not always verifiable by rules — one has to look more often into dictionaries and memorize the face of “contentious” words more diligently. To help all those who improve their own literacy, our selection of adverbs, which often make mistakes when writing.
Necessary-unnecessary soft sign
When is L written at the end of adverbs, and when not? If the word ends in a hissing consonant (F, W, W, S, S), a soft sign is written: HEADMASH, TURN, SWING, TENDER, UNABLE. There is a need for b (even two soft signs!) And in adverb, ALL, although it ends in a non-hissing sound. Exceptions to the rule are easily remembered: adverbs of UZH, ZAMUZH, NEVTERPEG are not required a soft increase at the end.
Parts of the body, parts of speech
Adverbial expressions with the words repeating inside them: SIDE OF SIDE, WITH SIDE ON SIDE, HAND IN HAND,FROM EYE TO EYE, EYE TO EYE, TRACK TO A TRAIL, ONE IN ONE, POINT AT THE POINT, HONOR OF HONOR, HONOR IN HONOR, OR FAST IN THE SUDGE, are written separately. The exception is the adverb SINGLE-IN-EXIST, he needs two hyphens at once. Also, hyphenated words are written with the repetition of the same root or stem: CROSS-NECK, ELE-ELE, EDVA-EDVA, QUIET-QUIET, LONG-LONG, etc.
How to remember and distinguish from each other both groups of adverbs? In the first case, we have the phrase, that is, the "union" of several words: WITH EYES ON EYES, therefore we write separately. In the second - one whole word, which needs a hyphen to connect identical roots: CROSS-NECK. And do not forget about the exception of one-on-one!
Every self-respecting institution catering offers drinks and dishes NAVYNOS and almost everyone writes about it on the menu and on advertising banners with the error: "take away". On the Gramot.ru portal, the need to write this adverb is fused in the following way: between the preposition "on" and the noun "take-away" from which the adverb is formed, the defining adjective, pronoun, and numeral cannot be inserted without changing the meaning.In other words, one cannot say “sushi for your takeaway”, “pizza for quick takeaway”, “coffee for the third takeaway”.
Another controversial adverb associated with drinks is B (ON) REFRIGERANT. The word “bottling” (with an emphasis on O) has come into common use from the professional jargon of winemakers, brewers and ... metallurgists. It means the distribution of the liquid over the tanks. Indeed, the process is similar: the first ones pour the alcohol into glass and other containers, and the second pour molten metal into the molds. And we will remember the spelling: beer FOR BOTTOM, wine FOR BOTTOM (instead of the preposition "on" there may be a preposition "in").
Probably or probably?
It is not a mistake to say or write both SURELY and LIKELY: “I, probably, will go, it's too late” and “I, probably, will go, it's too late” This adverb today is most often used as an introductory word - we always single it out with commas. Here's what Gramota.ru writes:
The use of words SURELY, SURELY as adverbs in the meaning of “undoubtedly, correctly, precisely” is found mainly in fiction of the XIX century. In modern Russian, these words are used primarily as an introduction in the meaning of “in all likelihood” and are separated.
“Horses, people ...”
Very, very often, adverbs are alternately mixed and alternately. They differ not only by one letter inside, but also by the meaning: "intermittently" means "mixing randomly," and "alternately" - "alternating, alternating in a certain order." As one can see, in one case chaos reigns, and in the other - a harmonious logic: "In her bedroom dresses and linens were lying WEDDING with perfume bottles, stockings and magazines", but "Roses were planted on the flower bed with Dahlias and dahlias".
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