Burp is something worth getting rid of immediately!
If you are tormented by belching, you should not endure it! Such a delicate and unpleasant problem can be solved if you find out the reasons for its occurrence and act correctly.
What happens when belching?
In general, belching is the exit of air from the stomach or esophagus through the oral cavity. Such a phenomenon is often accompanied by a characteristic sound, as well as an unpleasant smell. Sometimes food particles or gastric juice come out with the air, which is even more unpleasant.
It is worth noting that belching may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as heartburn, bloating, increased gas formation, pain or discomfort in the abdomen, constipation, or, conversely, diarrhea. But sometimes the exit of air or food arises as an independent sign.
There are different types of belching:
- When belching air, only air is released. Such a phenomenon can be called quite common, because every one of us has observed such a burp at least once in our life.
- Belching food occurs less frequently, this phenomenon is more unpleasant, because the contents of the stomach are thrown through the esophagus into the mouth.
In turn, belching food is divided into several types, depending on the contents of the stomach:
- Sour belching occurs when the acidity of gastric juice is high or when it is excessive. This happens, for example, with ulcers or gastritis.
- Putrid burp is the result of food rotting in the stomach and its further decomposition. In such processes, ammonia and hydrogen sulphide are formed, which give the contents leaving the esophagus a putrid taste, similar to the taste of rotten eggs.
- A bitter eructation is observed if the excess of bile is thrown into the stomach from the duodenum.
Also belching can be divided into quiet and accompanied by sound. In the latter case, when a food or air outlet occurs, a characteristic sound
What is caused by?
We list the main causes of:
- Swallowing air. This happens with a quick eating of food or eating "dry", that is, without washing down. In addition, the air can get into the stomach and during conversations, if a person speaks very quickly and emotionally.
- If you do not chew food carefully, it can not be digested properly, and because of this, in some cases, it can go out.
- Tumors of the digestive tract. First, they will disrupt the whole digestive system, and secondly, they can create mechanical obstacles to the passage of stomach contents and digestion of food.
- Reflux is a condition in which food is thrown from the stomach into the esophagus and further into the mouth. There is such a problem due to improper operation of the esophagus. So, the sphincter, which should contain food, is not functioning properly, so that air and food go beyond the stomach and esophagus.
- Binge eating. In this case, the food simply does not fit in the stomach, its excess may exit through the esophagus.
- Often a burp arises in the event that after eating a person begins to actively move, for example, doing hard work or playing sports.
- For babies this phenomenon is normal, it is due to the fact that the digestive system has not yet fully formed.
- Occurs often in pregnant women. First, the growing uterus can squeeze the digestive organs, which will interfere with digestion.Secondly, at this stage hormonal changes are observed, which can also affect digestion.
- The use of products that cause excessive gas formation or fermentation: apples, grapes, carbonated drinks.
- Problems in the work of the intestines. If the intestine does not work as it should, then the food is not completely digested, gases are formed. It turns out that the work of the entire digestive tract is disrupted. And gases that stagnate in the upper intestine can enter the stomach and overfill it.
- Problems in the liver. This organ also belongs to the digestive tract, it releases enzymes and plays the role of a filter. And if the work fails, then the digestion is broken.
- Disruption of the functioning of the gallbladder. Bile from it (provided its excessive amount) can enter the stomach and be thrown out through the esophagus.
- Pancreatic diseases, for example, pancreatitis.
- Diseases of the duodenum (ulcer, duodenitis).
- A stomach ulcer.
- Stenosis of the esophagus or the output section of the stomach. In this case, the lumen of a department narrows, which makes the promotion of food more complicated.
- Hernia of the esophagus.
- Pathologies of the structure of the digestive organs, for example, congenital anomalies (various partitions, excesses).
What to do?
How to treat belching? Only a doctor can prescribe treatment, so your first step is to visit a gastroenterologist. He will conduct a survey and establish the reasons for throwing food or air, and then decide what to do.
Here are several treatment options:
With an increase in the secretion or acidity of gastric juice, drugs are prescribed that reduce its production, such as Fosfalyugel, Almagel, and some others. Assign them to a specialist after the survey!
If there is a shortage of digestive enzymes, it may be advisable to take enzyme preparations. These include "Creon", "Pancreatin", "Mezim".
In case of inflammatory diseases of the digestive organs, it is important to remove inflammation and eliminate its causes. Anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, in some cases antibiotic treatment is indicated (if the cause is a bacterial injury).
Pathologies of the structure of the digestive system in some cases can be eliminated surgically.
It is extremely important to follow a diet and diet.Avoid foods that provoke fermentation or increase gas formation, which include legumes, grapes, some fresh vegetables (cabbage, for example) and fruits (grapes, apples), soda, alcohol, fast food and convenience foods.
Eat often, but in small portions. Do not talk while eating, and after eating a little rest. Take your time, chew everything carefully and slowly.
How can I get rid of burping without medication? Try to use folk remedies. For example, you can drink soda solution before you eat. Half a glass of water will require a quarter teaspoon of soda.
But do not overdo it, soda in large quantities is harmful and dangerous! Mint tea, decoctions of stew-mullet and other herbs can also help. Some help cool milk, but remember that it is contraindicated in case of intolerance to milk protein.
There are some exercises. For example, try to lie on your back and lift both legs about 45-50 centimeters from the floor. Hold this position for 5-10 seconds, then slowly lower your legs. Such actions help strengthen the muscles of the abdominal cavity and tone the walls of the stomach and intestines.
How to prevent?
Prevention involves compliance with the following recommendations:
- Take your time while eating and talking.
- Eat right, follow the mode of eating food, give up gas-forming products.
- Watch your health.
- Do not be nervous (often stress causes malnutrition and belching).
Health to you!
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