Consciousness as the basis of cognitive activity
The main difference of a person as a species from all the others is his ability for abstract thinking, planning activities, the ability to recall and reflect on past experience, giving it an assessment and drawing conclusions. All of the above is directly related to the sphere of consciousness.
Functionally, consciousness is understood as the operating system of the brain. A similar view of this concept is widely used in the natural sciences, in particular, in biology and medicine. However, it is not able to fully embrace the value and importance of consciousness for a person, because consciousness is much more than a normal physiological process.
Russian psychology defines consciousness as the highest form of reflection of the objective properties and laws of the surrounding space. Moreover, consciousness is inherent only in man - as a socio-historical subject.
Consciousness forms in man an internal model of the external world, and this is a prerequisite for any cognitive activity and the human desire to transform the world around. Consciousness develops in the process of interaction of the individual with other people, in the process of obtaining social experience.
The essence of all forms of human mental activity, from the simplest (reflex) to the most complex (consciousness), is that they serve as the orientation of a living organism in outer space. The more complex the external environment, the more difficult the organization of the psyche, which helps to successfully navigate the surrounding space.
Cognitive processes of consciousness
For a person, consciousness is characterized mainly by cognitive activity. The knowledge of a human being begins with memorizing the simple elements of culture and the outside world. Using this knowledge, the child accepts and remembers the meaning and value of the prisoner in the surrounding objects, learns to operate with them without directly influencing the objects themselves. The form of such an operation, verbal speech, and similar activities are characteristics of consciousness.
The structure of consciousness includes all kinds of cognitive processes: sensation, memory, perception, imagination, thinking. Thanks to him, a person constantly adds knowledge about himself and about the world. If any of these cognitive processes are disturbed or malfunctioning, it upsets the work of the entire consciousness as a whole.
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