First aid for a knee injury in the home
Knee injury is not only very painful, but also a serious injury that can lead to undesirable consequences. And to avoid such consequences, you should provide first aid in time. And how to do it right?
Many consider the injury a serious injury, but in reality it is not. Bruising pain can be very intense, because the knee joint is a complex system with many nerve endings. Typically, pain occurs immediately after injury and increases during the first hour.
Then they may die down. Often a strong edema occurs at the site of the injury, the knee may increase in size. If blood vessels were damaged, then a bruise (bruise) will probably occur. In the event of a serious injury, the mobility of the joint may be impaired.
What to do?
How is the knee injury treated? If the injury is not serious, then it can be done at home without medical care.If the injury is strong and the victim cannot walk, then it is worth taking him to a specialist without fail, because the injury may well be accompanied by more serious injuries, such as a fracture or dislocation. But first aid can be provided at home, and it is important to do so as soon as possible.
There are several important aspects of first aid.
Rest of the injured limb
What to do immediately after getting injured? It is necessary to provide the damaged leg with complete rest, this will allow to avoid further damage to the joints or blood vessels, as well as the spread of edema to the surrounding tissues. Do not impose a tight bandage, as many do.
- First, excessive pressure can only harm the already damaged knee and aggravate the situation.
- Secondly, with a strong squeezing of blood vessels, blood circulation and tissue blood supply can be disturbed, which also affects the knee joint in a not very good way.
- Thirdly, if the injury is more serious than a bruise, then a tight bandage can provoke the displacement of parts of the bone during fracture or cartilage dislocation, and this is undesirable and extremely dangerous.
So how to provide peace to the knee? If possible, place or land the victim and place the injured leg on a platform, for example, on a pillow. If a person needs to be moved, it is better to impose a tire. For this you can use a whiteboard or a book.
Attach it to the side of the leg (if you begin to apply it from behind or from the front and over-straighten your leg, you can only aggravate the situation and provoke further damage) and tie it to the leg with bandages. But do not wrap bandages around the knee itself; do this below and above it. In any case, stepping on the injured leg is definitely not recommended.
Ice can be attached to the damaged knee. After injury, the blood vessels dilate, which causes puffiness, redness and pain. And the cold will help to narrow the vessels, thereby removing the edema and relieving pain. If there is no ice at hand, you can get frozen food out of the freezer. Also a bottle of cold water is suitable.
A few important points:
- Exposure to cold should not be too long. 15-30 minutes is enough.
- To avoid frostbite of tissues, you must first put a handkerchief or piece of cloth on your knee.
- It is better to cover the entire knee with ice, as with severe bruises the edema quickly spreads to the surrounding tissues.
There are many tools used for bruises and produced in the form of gels, ointments and creams. They all help relieve inflammation and swelling and relieve pain. The most effective drugs such as "Nise", "Ketonal", "Dolobene", "Troxevasin" and other similar. They are applied evenly to the damaged area several times a day.
If the bruise is severe and causes pain to the victim, then its condition should be alleviated. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that have analgesic effects are commonly used to relieve pain, such as Nurofen, Ketoprofen, Nise, Pentalgin and others. With intense pain, you can take two tablets at once, but in any case you should not exceed the doses indicated in the instructions.
Calm and only calmness
If the victim is very nervous or because of severe pain and is in inadequate condition, then you need to help him calm down,as stress can cause vasospasm, which will only increase the pain and aggravate the situation. You can drink water or tea with mint.
If the condition has not returned to normal, then you should take a mild sedative on a plant basis. If the bruise of the child, then give him sedatives without the knowledge of the doctor is not worth it. Parents should create the most comfortable atmosphere and distract the child from injury. You can offer him something sweet or juice. Turn on the cartoons and talk more with the child.
We use the recipes of traditional medicine
Some folk remedies are effective:
You can use regular onions. Just rub it on a grater so that it gives juice, put the resulting gruel on your knee, wrap it with a cloth or gauze folded several times and leave for an hour. You can repeat this procedure several times a day.
Use apple cider vinegar. 500 ml of vinegar, heat on a water bath. Add two or three tablespoons of sea salt and 10 drops of iodine. In the resulting liquid, moisten the cloth or gauze and attach it to the injured knee. Wrap the limb with a towel to provide an additional warming effect.An hour later, remove the compress.
Effectively known as a plant plantain. Take a few leaves, remember them, attach them to the site of the bruise and wrap the knee with a bandage or gauze. After a half to two hours, throw out the leaves. Make such compresses should be several times a day.
You can use arnica tincture, it is sold in pharmacies. Just lubricate the damaged knee with tincture several times a day or make compresses by applying to the damaged area a cloth moistened with liquid.
An excellent tool is bodyaga. Dissolve the powder in a small amount of warm water, and apply the resulting slurry to the knee. Wrap the leg with a bandage. When the mass is dry, remove its residue.
When to go to the doctor?
When do you need medical help for a bruise?
- The pain does not go away, but only intensifies.
- Knee mobility is severely impaired.
- When you try to bend the leg sharp sharp pain occurs.
- The knee is deformed.
- There are severe bruising.
- There is a strong puffiness, which does not go away within the first 24 hours after the injury.
And remember that only timely help with bruises will help to avoid trouble and alleviate the condition.
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