How are candida transmitted?

Candida constitutes opportunistic microflora and is always present in the body and on the body. Almost 200 species of these yeast-like fungi are known. Some of them are contained in sour-milk products; therefore, they live in the gastrointestinal tract and constitute a symbiosis with the body — that is, live and multiply without causing disease, but help in the digestion of food and participate in the settlement of the intestinal flora. Other species are present on the skin and do not cause pathological changes.
Fungi of the Candida genus begin to actively develop and parasitize the mucous membranes and skin under certain favorable conditions for them, in this case candidiasis develops, and this disease is also called “thrush”. One of the conditions is a decrease in immunity, i.e. when the human body cannot fight the growth of fungi and keep the amount in a neutral state, therefore the disease develops.
The second condition is a long-term use of antibiotics, especially large doses of broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs.In this case, the bacterial flora of the body is inhibited, including the "good" bacteria necessary for humans, which inhibit the growth of fungi, are dying, and the candida begins to multiply freely and infect mucous membranes and skin.
The third condition is a violation of the integrity of the skin and mucous membranes, i.e. chances of joining candidiasis on the burned surface or on the skin affected by dermatitis. Especially often the fungus survives on allergic rashes.
With active reproduction of candida and the appearance of thrush, the person becomes infectious. The route of transmission will depend on the area of ​​the lesion — in the case of genital thrush, the infection is sexually transmitted. In a woman, it is clinically manifested by white “cheesy” discharge, and in a man - by a penis bright red rash on the head of the penis, these symptoms are accompanied by burning and itching. In women, thrush can begin after a gynecological examination, if a poorly processed reusable mirror was used in the examination.
With the defeat of the oral cavity, candidiasis is transmitted through a common dish, kisses, and in young children through a nipple and toys that they take into their mouths.Sometimes the development of candidiasis in the mouth can begin after medical interventions - dental and endoscopic - with poor-quality processing or improper storage of instruments.
In newborns, fungi of the genus Candida can affect the umbilical wound, in which case candidal omphalitis develops. Infection of the baby comes from poorly stretched and not ironed diapers, because mushrooms are always present in the environment, and immature immunity cannot overcome even a small amount of spore.

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