How to clean the cast iron skillet?
Nagar, rust and old-fashioned fat in a skillet were always a problem familiar to many housewives. At the same time, cast-iron dishes were always considered the most durable. Surely, each of the housewives in the kitchen there are pans that got in the form of a dowry from her grandmothers. But do not be intimidated by this blackness and soot, because such problems are easily removed on their own with the help of proven tools. Here we will tell you how to clean a cast iron pan from various types of contamination.
The advantages of cast iron
The advantages of cast iron dishes made it truly popular. It has been used for centuries, because differs in the increased durability, ability to keep heat. Nagar, however, acts as a non-stick layer, as it appears due to oils and fats that heat up to a high temperature.
Ware from cast iron will serve you forever if you take care of it correctly. Word-of-mouth may seem scary and uncleanable, but in fact, it requires special care.
Cast iron pans were used long before modern times. Their benefits helped them become popular in the household.
"Old" pan does not allow food to stick. Nagar, which is formed naturally, protects the pan from corrosion and fluid.
Cleaning an old cast iron pan
So, you decided to clean your old cast-iron pan, which your grandmother gave you. Her appearance can be intimidating, but do not worry. To achieve the perfect look, there are several recipes:
Boiling requires 72% soap (1 piece), silicate glue (or liquid glass) ½ cup and soda ash ½ cup too, a sponge metallized and a scraper or a knife. Of course, it is difficult to get rid of carbon deposits of a decade ago, but then your dishes will be pleasing to the eye with purity and novelty.
First, type in a basin of water and send it to the fire for boiling. And at this moment rub the soap. After boiling water, reduce the heat, pour the soap into the water and stir. After add glue and soda. It is important to open the window and turn on the hood.
Now dip the griddle into the solution, removing the handle from it.If it is not made of wood or plastic, send it to the solution. Now wait a few hours, it depends on the level of pollution.
Add water from time to time and check the hardness of the soot. After you notice that it has softened, and the water has become dark, then remove the dishes and start cleaning the pan with a scraper or knife.
Even if you have old carbon deposits, you can clear it by applying proven methods.
And for the process to go faster, after softening the carbon, apply a pan to the oven for washing the ovens. Then place it in the bag for half an hour. Such manipulations will simplify the process of cleaning the pan.
Mechanical cleaning of the cast iron pan
Mechanical cleaning of a cast iron pan is the most radical method. It will help eliminate rust, grease, carbon quickly and efficiently. But in order to use this method, you will need a special wire nozzle for a drill or grinding machine.
Do not forget to wear a respirator and special protective clothing. Remember that this cleaning requires care and caution.
Cleaning the pan from carbon. Effective recipes
Often requires cleaning the pan from soot.The latter can be of varying degrees of complexity. Consider the recipes for removing such trouble with your favorite dishes:
The first method will require a mixture of 9% vinegar, soda and water. The pan is put in the oven, 2 spoons of salt and vinegar are poured into it in order to cover the bottom. Let the liquid boil, then reduce the heat and add ¼ cup soda. Most evaporate, then the dishes are removed and washed from all sides. Similarly cleaned fat and rust. But be careful, because a lot of steam is formed in the process;
With your own hands, you can prepare a product with activated charcoal. In order to clean the pan from the deposit became effective, it takes about 10 tablets. The coal is crushed and poured into a griddle moistened with warm water. After an hour, clean the dishes in the usual way;
How to clean the burnt food, but do not damage the bottom? This requires boiling again. But add 3 pills of soda and detergent to 3 liters of water. In this composition, lower the pan and boil for 30 minutes;
Still there is a method on the basis of borax and ammonia. This composition is required from time to time to clean the pan. At 1 tbsp.warmed water is taken 10 g of borax and 1 drop of ammonia. The mixture is applied to dirty places with a sponge;
There are many popular recipes for cleaning cast iron pans. Each of them is tested in practice.
another assistant is lemon acid. 1 tsp the powder is diluted with 1 l of water, then it is important to boil the composition and soak the pan in it for 60 minutes. If the dirt does not immediately depart, then the action is repeated;
to get rid of soot inside you will need to make a slurry of vinegar and coarse salt. It is applied to a scoop and a good rub of a frying pan. Leftovers can be easily cleaned with regular washing.
Remove roasting will help roasting pan on the coals. This should be done on the street. If this is not possible, then use the oven. The baking sheet is covered with foil, the dishes are placed on it bottom up and sent to the cupboard. If there is a self-cleaning function, then turn it on, if not, then heat the cabinet to 250 degrees. And after 2 hours, look at how the dishes. Get ready for everything to be filled with chad and smoke, so do not forget about the hood and windows.
If it doesn’t clear the carbon, let the pan cool. After that, send it in a solution of water and vinegar in equal proportions. Pour in 2 spoons of detergent here.After a couple of hours, rinse thoroughly with hot water and rub with a brush.
If the frying pan is cleaned after each application, then you will easily get rid of the thin layers of dirt. In this case, you do not need radical ways. Thus, it is better to clean the pan immediately after cooking.
Food sticks to the pan. What to do?
So, we cleaned the dishes from soot, but what if the food sticks to the pan? How to return the "non-stick" coating after such an intervention? In order to avoid burning and sticking of food it is required:
to heat the dishes on a small fire for about a third of an hour, pour salt on the bottom;
when the salt starts to pop, stir it and touch the bottom with a spoon. This must be done within 20 minutes. After that, pour the salt and wait for the pan to cool. By the way, salt can be used again for similar procedures;
after cooling dishes, it is required to rinse with salt and heat up again;
when the pan warms up properly, take any vegetable oil and lubricate the bottom of it with a spatula or brush;
If after cleaning the food began to stick to the pan - it does not matter.There is an effective method of restoring the coating.
When the oil starts to burn, gently wipe the excess with a piece of paper and then pour it again. Then wipe again and pour a new layer. This procedure is repeated three times. As a result, you get a shiny surface that you want to protect. The bottom should not be rubbed when cleaning with chemical agents. If necessary, repeat these actions.
In the process of heating the pores of the iron expand, they are filled with oil. After lowering the temperature, the pores become narrow again, but the lubricant remains in them. It does not allow water and food particles to penetrate into microscopic cracks, which are the cause of the formation of rust and soot. Such protection does not like utensils, so wash such surfaces with usual warm water.
Also remember that you cannot wash the cast iron skillet in the dishwasher, otherwise rust appears on it and the layer with the “non-stick” coating is washed off.
The process of tidying up the pan involves not just removing the soot, but also cleaning it from rust. So the rules are:
first clean in the standard way, removing the carbon deposits. This will help detect rusty areas;
after that, dry and for 40 minutes, send to a preheated oven;
Now remove and lubricate with oil, then sending into the oven now to a high temperature 2 times. Leave it for an hour. Cover the bottom of the oven with foil;
take out the dishes and let cool, lubricate with oil.
Another method requires the use of vinegar. Mix the ingredients in equal parts and soak the pan in the pan. After a couple of hours, rinse the dishes and remove plaque by using a slurry of vegetable oil and salt. But remember that too old frying pan to completely clean off will not work.
If the rust is strong, then you can try another method. To begin, rub the surface with a powder in the form of powder and soda. After this, do a good job with a metal brush. The process of eliminating rust is completed by applying medium-grained sandpaper. Another option is to clean the drill bit with a wire. After this, rinse the pan with a simple dish remover.
Rust is important to clean, so that it does not continue to spoil the metal.
Remember that it is much easier to protect new dishes from burning by roasting. This will help in the future to use the pan, not thinking about soot. For this, the bottom of a new pan, which has not yet been used, is covered with salt and left on a high fire. Salt is heated until brown in color. After removing the dishes from the stove and clean with slightly cooled salt. Then grease and send to the oven. The use of such a method will eliminate food adherence and product sticking.
Caring for a frying pan made of cast iron is not too difficult. For this reason, it is better to spend time on washing after cooking, than to apply remarkable efforts or use extreme measures.
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