How to grow pepper in a greenhouse
You will need
- Pepper seedlings, greenhouse, water, garden tools, fertilizers, fungicides.
The advantage of growing peppers in the greenhouse is that it allows you to avoid unnecessary material costs. To get started, select varieties based on your own preferences. Sweet peppers for growing in the greenhouse: "Tenderness", "Night", "Orange Miracle", "Winnie the Pooh". Sharp greenhouse varieties: "Astrakhan variety", "Elephant trunk". Different greenhouses are needed for sweet and bitter varieties to prevent cross-pollination. Selecting varieties, produce decontamination and preparation of seeds: soak them for half an hour in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, then use growth stimulants. Then sow the seeds in a box or small pots: plant seedlings in the greenhouse only when it grows up. Pepper loves heat very much: therefore, when growing seedlings, the temperature in the room can reach + 30 ° C. After a week, lower the temperature to + 18 ° C: thus hardening is carried out.
When the seedlings of pepper will have the first 3 leaves, begin to make feeding. They can consist of urea, superphosphate, potassium salt. The ratio of 10 liters of water is: 0.05 kg of urea, 0.125 kg of superphosphate, 0.03 kg of potassium salt. After feeding, water the plant with clean water, so fertilization and irrigation are combined. Make a second feeding when the fourth leaf appears on the plant.
Start preparing the soil in the greenhouse. Be sure to apply mineral fertilizers to the soil: potash (0.004 kg / m2), phosphate (0.004 kg / m2), nitrogen (0.003 kg / m2). Do not fill the ground in the greenhouse with manure - this will lead to the fact that the plants will grow strongly, and the fruits will be small. For sowing seedlings, the soil in the greenhouse must be heated to +15 degrees Celsius. Plant seedlings no earlier than 55 days after sowing. Beds in the greenhouse, place at a sufficient distance from each other (100-120 cm). Make holes in the greenhouse, spill them well with water, transplant peppers, and tamper around the roots with your hands.
Consider that after transplanting the pepper there is a need for watering. Therefore, in time to implement it. Inadequate watering is indicated by brown-red burns on the fruit.Make sure that the temperature in the greenhouse is always the same: sudden drops will have a negative impact on the future harvest. Provide transplanted seedlings with good lighting. So, the shoots will soon gain bright and saturated color. Do not forget to constantly loosen the soil and destroy weeds. So oxygen and moisture will better penetrate to the roots of the plant. Be sure to feed with special solutions. However, they should be moderate: only 1-2 times a week.
Of course, growing peppers in a greenhouse does not guarantee absolute protection against pests and diseases. Aphid, whitefly greenhouse, spider mite - the most common pests in the greenhouse. They eat leaves and stems of already fruiting plants. To control pests, spray affected plants, paths and aisle with this solution: for 10 liters of water, 200 g of tobacco dust, 30 g of chilli peppers. Insist day, and then add 1 tbsp. l liquid soap and 3 tbsp. wood ash. Of the chemicals well helps "Int-vir" (10 liters one tablet) and "Strela".
Pathogens in the greenhouse are divided into viral, fungal and bacterial.Often, diseases occur due to temperature fluctuations, poor ventilation, too much humidity. The most frequent diseases are root rot, gray rot, powdery mildew, downy mildew, copperfish. Spraying with a one-percent solution of Bordeaux mixture, fungicides, copper-soap emulsion and other chemicals helps to fight diseases.
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