How to prune and cover clematis for the winter
When they do clematis pruning
Clematis pruning for sanitary purposes throughout the summer: remove diseased and dry shoots. In the spring, remove weak and thin branches in order to regulate the growth of the plant and make the bush richly flowering.
Autumn pruning pay special attention. Take her before the shelter of bushes for the winter. Postpone work if the weather is warm outside. Clematis is not afraid of light October frosts - they only harden the bushes. Proceed to pruning tentatively in November, when steady frosts come.
If it is done earlier, while it is warm, in the clematis inactive buds can begin to grow. Growing shoots can not be seen from the ground, but they are very gentle, and in winter they will simply freeze. While clematis is green, set aside pruning and shelter.
How to cleverly clematis so that they bloom luxuriantly
From that, on the lashes of what year clematis lays buds, its varieties are conventionally divided into three groups.Each of them has its own rules for pruning.
It includes early-flowering clematis (frost-resistant, small-color), forming buds on the branches of the previous year. They do not need autumn pruning, since this event is appropriate for them in May-June, i.e. at the end of flowering. Then the plants have time to grow shoots and plant buds. In the fall, just push the bushes in height and cut off the sick, stunted and dried branches. If you live in a region with relatively mild winters, you can not remove them for the winter from the trellis. They can easily be perekantuyutsya and on it.
It includes thermophilic hybrids of early flowering with large flowers. They delight in flowering twice per season: in May-June and July-August. After the spring flowering plants grow long re-flowering whip. Such clematis forms buds both on short last year shoots and on new ones. Cut off such species slightly, about half or one third of the height, leaving 1-1.5 m of the lash from the ground. Before pruning, inspect the bushes for the presence of buds in the leaf axils. If available, leave the meter shoots.In young clematis usually does not happen, so feel free to cut short.
Includes all variations of grassy varieties of late flowering and large-flowered hybrids, which give flowers on the whips of the current year. This group is the easiest to trim. Grass clematis boldly cut at the root, and large-flowered - up to a height of 20-25 cm, leaving 2-3 pairs of buds.
�If you do not know what type your clematis belongs to, first shorten it at different heights: some shoots cut to 6-10 pairs of leaves, and the rest - low, to the first true leaves. Thanks to the combined pruning, the buds will be evenly distributed throughout the bush. In the case of pruning at the same height for the first time flowering, wait only at the bottom of the bush, and the second - at the top.
How to warm clematis in the fall
Warming bushes implies their removal from the trellis. To make it easy to implement in the fall, do not twine the lash around the rails, but tie the plant to the support with a string, preferably on one side. At the end of the season, simply remove the ropes and foliage that holds the shrub on the trellis. After that, he is released and ready for cover.
Remove the scourge from the support and insulate them only in dry weather. Wet bushes can vyperevat under cover.
For successful wintering it is important to protect the root neck of clematis. Make sure that it is not able to freeze into ice, and then decay in water at the onset of a thaw. The lion's share of the roots of clematis is hidden deep in the soil, where they are not afraid of cold, and the root neck is a weak spot. If it freezes or foils, the whole plant will perish.
Treat the neck before wintering for preventive purposes.Bordeaux liquid or 1% solution of copper sulphate. Alternatively, use crumbly humus or earth mixed with peat. Pour them with the tillering of clematis. Do this only on dry soil!
How to cover clematis for the winter
Each group has its own method of warming. Frost-resistant species can not be covered at all, but in the spring they will quickly build up a green mass if you fall in the fall to fill their base with earth or humus. Do it on frozen soil.
Cut grassy cultivars to the very base and build a mound of humus or earth. Top for reliability, throw their own cut shoots.
Large-flowered clematis also warm with a humus layer not less than 10 cm, lay fir spruce branches and cut stalks of vines. In order not to catch the wind, place the branches or the wooden box on top.
Early-flowering thermophilic varieties fill with a bucket of peat or dry leaf humus, erecting a mound. Cut off the cut shoots, and on top throw lutrasil or spruce branches. Secure the structure with branches or a box. In the absence of lapnik, take plastic boxes for fruit. Wrap it with lutrasil to form an air gap inside. The design will not blow away if you press it down with a weighty stone.
Keep in mind that clematis requires light, but thick winter shelter, always with air gaps. Do not use heavy soil for backfilling.
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