How to transplant indoor flowers
To make sure you need a transplant, do so. With a pre-moistened landball, turn the plant over to your left hand, which you hold this lump from falling out of. With your right hand, hold the pot and tap it with its edges on the edge of the table so that the earth moves away, away from the walls and an earthen ball out of the dishes.
Take out a com carefully examine. If it is thickly intertwined with roots and forms thick felt on the surface, and also if the earth has soured, the plant needs to be transplanted. It is necessary to transplant even if the ground is very depleted, the plant gives almost no growth, the tips of the leaves dry up, the roots come out of the drain hole to the outside. If during the inspection the coma and the roots of these signs are not found, the dishes for the plant can not be changed, the flower is placed in the same pot.
Do not try to transplant flowers from a small pot immediately to a large one. Too spacious capacity - not at all good for your plant.Its roots do not have time in such a bulky vessel to assimilate all the water that comes in during watering, and the earth inevitably turns sour. The pot is considered suitable for planting, if the previous capacity freely enters it.
New pots before transplantation must be washed with hot water and scald with boiling water (but this does not apply to plastic dishes, which only wash). Also pour boiling water over tubs for large plants. Not bad before planting soak the pots in a weak solution of superphosphate: it neutralizes the lime contained in the walls of pots.
Especially take care of good drainage. It is required to drain excess water when watering. If the drainage is not done, gradually all the pores of the earth will be filled with water, the whole air will be crowded out and the plant will die. In the quality of drainage on the bottom of the pot, place shards, fine gravel or crushed stone, broken red brick. Then pour a layer of nutritious earth, compact it and put a small mound of earth on top of that layer.
Dropped out of the old dishes, gently crack the wand between the roots to remove some of the old earth. After this, with a sharp knife, cut the tips of the long roots around the coma and sprinkle all the cuts with finely crushed charcoal.
In plants that have only thick roots and do not form moles, such as palm trees, bulbous, orchids, the roots need to be kept and cut only damaged and rotted.
Place the lump with the roots in a pot so deep that the root neck is 3 cm below the top edge of the container. The gaps between the clod and the walls of the pot fill the ground, evenly and gently pushing it with a peg down. At the same time hold the plant in the middle of the pot with your left hand. Immediately after transplanting, water the flowers, put them in a dark, cool place for 7-10 days and regularly spray them while it takes root.
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