How to treat pancreatic necrosis
Causes of disease
Pancreatonecrosis is common in young people as well as in middle-aged people. The most common cause of pancreatic necrosis is a violation of the diet in combination with excessive alcohol intake. However, the disease can also occur in patients who rarely take alcohol. In some cases, the disease can provoke injuries, infectious diseases and medications.
Especially often pancreatic necrosis occurs as a result of drinking alcohol with fatty foods that have a high protein content. The pancreas is often unable to immediately cope with the increasing load and as a result of blockage of the excretory ducts of the body, edema occurs, which subsequently leads to pancreatic tissue self-digestion.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of pancreatic necrosis is carried out in a hospital. Therapy is aimed at removing toxins from the pancreas, restoring the function of the excretory channels of the organ, and also anesthesia.The patient is assigned starvation, which will facilitate the work of the pancreas and will allow to release its ducts. This is done by washing the stomach with cold water. It is also important to limit the movement of the patient as much as possible, creating conditions for him to rest.
Additionally prescribed medications that can relieve swelling and reduce the secretory activity of the gland. Anesthetic medications (for example, Papaverin or Platyfillin), analgesics (Baralgin, Analgin) are administered to the body, a Novocain blockade is administered, as well as an intravenous glucose-Novocain mixture is injected. Antihistamines can be prescribed (“Suprastin”, “Dimedrol”) and diuretics (“Lasix”, “Furosemide”). In the next 4-5 days after the start of treatment, the use of antispasmodic and choleretic drugs continues. Starvation is prescribed, and fluid intake is not limited. The use of mineral water with a high content of alkali (for example, "Borjomi") is shown. After the end of treatment, a diet is prescribed, from which fried, spicy, salty, sweet and flour products are excluded.
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