Superficial gastroduodenitis: symptoms and treatment

The causes of superficial gastroduodenitis are: unbalanced nutrition, abuse of fatty, spicy, fried foods; bad habits - alcohol and smoking; stress; exposure to chemical factors; long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; concomitant pathologies of the liver and biliary tract; Helicobacter; radiation; heredity; allergy.

Symptoms of superficial gastroduodenitis

The clinical picture of the disease consists of asthenovegetative, painful, dyspeptic syndromes. The duration of the pain syndrome is different and is associated with food intake. “Hungry” pains occur in the mornings before breakfast or 2-3 hours after eating. Intense nocturnal pain occurs with increased acid formation and the defeat of the predominantly duodenum. The pain in case of superficial gastroduodenitis proceeds according to the scheme: hunger - pain - eating - reducing pain. Localization of pain - left hypochondrium, epigastric, pyloroduodenal zone.Dyspeptic symptoms are associated with impaired motor function of the digestive tract. These include nausea, feeling of overflow, sometimes vomiting, belching, heartburn, bitterness in the mouth. Dyspepsia is accompanied by bloating and the urge to stool after eating. Astenovegetative syndrome is manifested by emotional lability, increased excitability, weakness, fatigue.

Treatment of superficial gastroduodenitis

Treatment of superficial gastroduodenitis includes diet therapy, normalization of lifestyle, drug therapy, traditional medicine and physiotherapy methods.
Diet therapy consists in regular consumption of sparing food in small portions up to 5 times a day. Dinner should be 2 hours before bedtime. It is forbidden to overeat, starve for a long time, eat dry rations. With exacerbation of the disease shows the table number 1. It is necessary to reduce the amount of carbohydrates in the diet to normalize intestinal motility and reduce the excitability of the nervous system. With increased acidity of gastric juice completely exclude fresh pastries, fatty meats and dishes from it, coarse fiber, sour fruits, vegetables, berries, chocolate, coffee, pickles, seasonings.In the presence of symptoms of insufficient acidity prohibit canned food, mucous soups, carbonated drinks.
Drug treatment of superficial gastroduodenitis is aimed at reducing the acidity with the help of antacids and antisecretory agents. Antacids react with hydrochloric acid, due to which there is a decrease in acidity. The most popular among them are nonabsorbable drugs - Almagel, Fosfalyugel, as well as combined remedies Gastal and Maalox.
The antisecretory drugs include M-cholinolytics - Pirenzepin, Gastrotsepin; H2-histamine blockers - Famotidine, Cimetidine; proton pump inhibitors - "Omeprazole", "Lanzoprazole". Prokinetics, normalizing the motility of the digestive tract - "Domperidone", "Metoclopramide". Cytoprotectors that increase the protective properties of the gastric mucosa - "De-nol", "Sukollfat."
Phytotherapy for surface gastritis is carried out with infusions and decoctions of celandine, St. John's wort, chamomile, yarrow in order to reduce the acidity of gastric juice. To reduce the symptoms of pathology using tools based on lime and fennel.

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