Tips for growing beautiful dolichos
In a beautiful garden unusual exotic plants always attract attention. The main highlight of any flower garden can be dolichos, which with its stems will surround and decorate any pergola, hedge or fence. The plant has bright inflorescences, located on the hands. Shades of flowers can be white, lilac, crimson or two-colored with an incredible smell. Therefore, dolichos is also called "curly lilac."
Later, purple pods appear, having a glossy luster and an unusual curved shape, which will also delight the eye with its juicy and vivid shade. In addition, the fruits of dolichos can be eaten, they are very nutritious, because they contain a lot of protein, taste like ordinary beans.
Despite the exotic origin, the curling lilac is easy enough to grow in our climatic conditions, knowing and observing the basic rules of planting and care.
The origin of the plant and its description
Dolikhos is a perennial liana growing in the warm tropical climate of Asia and East Africa. The plant belongs to the family of legumes, in the genus of which there are about 70 species. In height it grows to an average of 3-4 meters, but it can reach 10 meters or more.
Dolikhos has many other names: cocorn rose, hyacinth beans, lobia, Egyptian beans.
In our harsh climate, lobiya is considered an annual plant, so only a year can be admired by the beautiful hedge that comes out of it. An interesting feature of hyacinth beans - their stem twists counterclockwise support. The leaves of dolichos are rather large, heart-shaped. The color can vary from rich lilac to green. Some of the shades you can see in the photo.
Proper preparation and planting of material
Many gardeners will be interested to know - how can you grow such a beautiful and unusual plant on your plot? The easiest way is to sow the seeds directly into the ground, after holding them in a damp cloth for no more than a day. The landing should be carried out in a well-warmed soil, in order to exclude the appearance of frost, for this the beginning of May is best suited. Seedlings appear after 2 weeks.
If you can’t wait to see exotic flowering quickly, then you should choose the second method, in which the curling lilac is planted through grown seedlings. To do this, follow these steps:
- Each seed is pierced with a needle or filed with sandpaper, thereby disrupting the shell of the fruit, and moisture gets better inside.
- Planting material is left in warm water for a day. Some gardeners like to soak the seeds in potato juice.
- The beans are planted in containers with nutrient and loose soil mixture, where you can pour a little chalk or ash, so that the soil is not acidic.
- The pots are left in a warm room, within a week the first leaves will appear from the seeds and the seedlings can be planted in open ground.
- Planting seedlings very carefully, so as not to damage the fragile root, at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Near each bush is a support pinned to which young shoots will be tied with ropes as they grow. So they will be given the direction of growth.
Caring Lilac Care Rules
Special care at home for dolichos is not required, it is absolutely not capricious.But it must be remembered that Egyptian beans are a heat-loving plant, therefore it is necessary to choose the sunniest place on the site where the shadow does not fall. Otherwise, dolichos will develop poorly, may late bloom, or in general you will not wait for the inflorescences and the harvest.
- During the growing period, the curling lilac can be fed occasionally every 2 weeks. For young shoots it is better to use nitrogen fertilizers, and to prolong flowering, potash fertilizers are ideal.
- The soil should always be loose, nutritious and well hydrated, and dolichos does not tolerate a strongly alkaline and acidic soil.
- In the first month after planting, lobia is watered frequently. An adult plant in such frequent watering does not need.
- In our climate, dolichos does not survive the winter, but in the southern areas you can try to make the plant multi-year. To do this, the shoots are shortened and covered, and if there is no severe frost, the plant can safely live to warm days.
2 months after planting in the ground, the vine begins to bloom with wrist buds consisting of 40-50 small flowers, each of which lives only 3 days.And the inflorescence itself, which can reach half a meter in length, rests on the stem for about 3 weeks. It is worth noting that dolichos blooms most of the summer and until the beginning of November.
Pests and diseases
Hyacinth beans are fairly resistant to all diseases and pests. If there is a shortage of potassium, yellow spots can appear on the leaves, which means that the plant needs appropriate top dressing. Sometimes curly lilacs can be affected by powdery mildew, fungus, aphids, or caterpillars. By spraying the plant with special chemicals, you can easily get rid of all pests.
Hyacinth beans can decorate any garden not only with their flowers, but also with bright fruits. At the same time creepers create a unique hedge with a heady smell, so all the neighbors will envy your taste.
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